Psychosis and Me
Posted by brightdaysbrighthorizon
10th May 2016

Why call it Psychosis and Me? I think the title of this is self explanatory really, it is one of the Mental health conditions I suffer from. So makes sense I would want to try and explain about it, as I know when you hear someone has been labelled. With the term psychosis you often think it is something like Norman Bates or Hannibal Lecter to name a few hollywood Stereotypical characters. This is simply not true!! In real life you'd think of a madman with an axe trying to kill people, or you know what I mean one of the serial killers we hear about so much. I can tell you now that a psychosis, is not like that it is a serious mental health condition. One that has a high fatality rate with in the sufferers. According to the Medical Dictionary Psychosis is a symptom or feature of mental illness typically characterized by radical changes in personality, impaired functioning, and a distorted or non-existent sense of objective reality. In other words Patients suffering from psychosis have impaired reality testing; that is, they are unable to distinguish personal subjective experience from the reality of the external world which occurs with in the chronic cases.They experience hallucinations and/or delusions that they believe are real, and may behave and communicate in an inappropriate and incoherent fashion. Psychosis may appear as a symptom of a number of mental disorders,including mood and personality disorders. It is also the defining feature of schizophrenia, schizophreniform disorder, schizo-affective disorder, delusional disorder, and the psychotic disorders (i.e., brief psychotic disorder, shared psychotic disorder,psychotic disorder due to a general medical condition, and substance-induced psychotic disorder). I am most certainly not a mass murderer, or a crazed maniac in fact I am a mother and a friend to many some who have mental health and many who don't have mental health problems. I am a poet and a writer of many stories I have wrote a poems called what is normal and a few books see I am normal. But I have issues that you can not see nor would you want to see them my daily life is more than a struggle.
Psychosis may be caused by the interaction of biological and psychosocial factors depending on the disorder in which it presents; psychosis can also be caused by purely social factors, with no biological component. Biological factors that are regarded as contributing to the development of psychosis include genetic abnormalities and substance use. With regard to chromosomal abnormalities, studies indicate that 30% of patients diagnosed with a psychotic disorder have a microdeletion at chromosome 22q11. Another group of researchers has identified the gene G72/G30 at chromosome 13q33.2 as a susceptibility gene for child-hood-onset schizophrenia and psychosis not otherwise specified.
With regard to substance abuse, several different research groups reported in 2004 that cannabis (marijuana) use is a risk factor for the onset of psychosis.Migration is a social factor that influences people's susceptibility to psychotic disorders. Psychiatrists in Europe have noted the increasing rate of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders among immigrants to almost all Western European countries. Black immigrants from Africa or the Caribbean appear to be especially vulnerable.
The stresses involved in migration include family breakup,the need to adjust to living in large urban areas, and social inequalities in the new country. Social/Biological/Chemical and Others. Generally it is Socio-Political or as i term it politics of society. Below is a list of several illness's within the band of Psychosis.
Schizophrenia, schizophreniform disorder, and schizo-affective disorder
Psychosis in schizophrenia and perhaps schizophreniform disorder appears to be related to abnormalities in the structure and chemistry of the brain, and appears to have strong genetic links; but its course and severity can be altered by social factors such as stress or a lack of support within the family. The cause of schizoaffective disorder is less clear cut, but biological factors are also suspected. Another case is Delussional Disorder. The exact cause of delusional disorder has not been conclusively determined, but potential causes include heredity, neurological abnormalities, and changes in brain chemistry. Some studies have indicated that delusions are generated by abnormalities in the limbic system, the portion of the brain on the inner edge of the cerebral cortex that is believed to regulate emotions. Delusional disorder is also more likely to develop in persons who are isolated from others in their society by language difficulties and/or cultural differences. Brief Psychotic Disorder is often attributed to trauma and stress can cause a short-term psychosis (less than a month's duration) known as brief psychotic disorder. Major life-changing events such as the death of a family member or a natural disaster have been known to stimulate brief psychotic disorder inpatients with no prior history of mental illness. Psychotic disorder due to a general medical condition Psychosis may also be triggered by an organic cause, termed a psychotic disorder due to a general medical condition. Organic sources of psychosis include neurological conditions (for example, epilepsy and cerebrovascular disease), metabolic conditions (for example, porphyria), endocrine conditions (for example, hyper- or hypothyroidism), renal failure, electrolyte imbalance, or autoimmune disorders. Substance-induced psychotic disorder psychosis is also a known side effect of the use, abuse, and withdrawal from certain drugs. So-called recreational drugs, such as hallucinogenics, PCP, amphetamines, cocaine, marijuana, and alcohol, may cause a psychotic reaction during use or withdrawal.Certain prescription medications such as steroids, anti-convulsants, chemotherapeutic agents, and anti-parkinsonian medications may also induce psychotic symptoms. Toxic substances such as carbon monoxide have also been reported to cause substance-induced psychotic disorder. I remember using drugs to hide how I was I did it for years until I was put into the local psychiatric hospital and I came off the drugs, back then it was a way of me joining in with the rest of society. As many children do they hide from what is happening, but now looking back in hind sight I did the worst thing I could have back then, what i should have done was say "Yeah I'm ill and what your problem? " in a way of combating what is happening to me, who knows if it was said in the right way it might have started a conversation which I can then tun around and explained why I am like this and in some ways why I see the world in a different light. But not all who suffer with this condition is like me. Iím not sure on which branch of psychosis it is I have been diagnosed with but tryst me this is not coming easy to me. Other variations of Psychosis is Shared psychotic disorder shared psychotic disorder, also known as folie ŗ deux or psychosis by association, is a relatively rare delusional disorder involving two(or more) people with close emotional ties. In the West, shared psychosis most commonly develops between two sisters or between husband and wife, while in Japan the most common form involves a parent and a son or daughter. Shared psychosis occasionally involves an entire nuclear family.Psychosis is characterized by the following symptoms:
Delusions. Those delusions that occur in schizophrenia and its related forms are typically bizarre (i.e., they could not occur in real life). Delusions occurring in delusional disorder are more plausible, but still patently untrue. In some cases, delusions may be accompanied by feelings of paranoia. Paranoia is a condition I live with every day, it is a hard one to tackle but I do it through my writing. one day i will explain this.
Hallucinations. Psychotic patients see, hear, smell, taste, or feel things that aren't there. Schizophrenic hallucinations are typically visual or auditory, less commonly, visual; but psychotic hallucinations can involve any of the five senses. no shit sherlock... yes taste buds are shot it taste the chemicals within the food way to much and don't eat or drink due to it, look at short grain rice well I wont say what I see or taste. And the voices are all negative voices rarely do I hear a positive voice. Telling me how evil I am and how much I do not deserve to live, how much I will fail at being an author, and stuff i dare not say about this world and the governments the powers that be upon the internet. visual ones are known as red eye phenomena, my father and demons/angels and aliens yet i am not a highly religious person. But you see this is a world where we have to face our fears and I do everyday I look at what is happening and face the ultimate fears I have.
Disorganized speech. Psychotic patients, especially those with schizophrenia, often ramble on in incoherent, nonsensical speech patterns.
Disorganized or catatonic behavior. The catatonic patient reacts inappropriately to his/her environment by either remaining rigid and immobile or by engaging in excessive motor activity. Disorganized behavior is behavior or activity that is inappropriate for the situation, or unpredictable.
The last two I know very well that I do not suffer from or that no one has ever really told me. But then again I know many people who do suffer from that part of the condition and it can be extremely hard to live a life like that. Although at times I can be a very unpredictable person jumping in with both feet and not thinking first. But I am more willing to help people out than I am to do harm to any one, you see everyone says I am a strong person and personally I think they are wrong in many ways. But I am certain sat typing this for some reason I just have not figured out why I am still alive after everything I have gone through. So back to the main topic what do they do to the sufferers of Psychosis, you see this is where big pharm is coming into play. The treatment is usually termed as a Anti-Psychotic medication which is basically a sedative medication. Psychosis that is symptomatic of schizophrenia or another psychiatric disorder. Should be treated by a psychologist and/or psychiatrist. An appropriate course of medication and/or psychosocial therapy is employed to treat the underlying primary disorder. If the patient is considered to be at risk for harming himself or others, inpatient treatment is usually recommended. May I set you all at ease this is slowly changing well it is in my area and admissions are for severe cases. I have been lucky and kept myself out of hospital since the year 2000 and thatís mainly as I keep it to myself, My medication is Quetiapine at a fairly low level, as I am demonstrating to my consultant psychiatrist that although I have flare ups I have a good coping mechanism. Other treatments include Antipsychotic medication such as thioridazine (Mellaril), haloperidol (Haldol), chlorpromazine (Thorazine), clozapine (Clozaril), sertindole(Serlect), olanzapine (Zyprexa), or risperidone (Risperdal) I have tried many of the listed anti psychotics but they all make my body cease and I become like a zombie but the drugs are apparently are needed to keep my symptoms under control and intermission. Side effects of antipsychotics include dry mouth, drowsiness, muscle stiffness, and tardive dyskinesia(involuntary movements of the body). Agranulocytosis, a potentially serious but reversible health condition in which the white blood cells that fight infection in the body are destroyed, is a possible side effect of clozapine. Patients treated with this drug should under go weekly blood tests to monitor white blood cell counts for the first six months, then every two weeks.After an acute psychotic episode has subsided, anti-psychotic drug maintenance treatment is typically employed and psycho social therapy and living and vocational skills training may be attempted.

Writing this let alone putting it up here for many to read, is taking a lot to do you see last year I was a completely different person. I had not thought I could achieve my dream of writing I think that to ease the suffering of many misunderstood due to the mental illness we need to educate. Some one said I was brave for writing about my health issues in a bid to raise awareness, and someone else said I was an inspiration to me Iím neither just a HUMAN BEING.


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